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The Road To Abolition

The Road To Abolition

(p.74) 5 The Road To Abolition
The Abolition of Slavery in Ottoman Tunisia
Ismael M. Montana
University Press of Florida

Chapter 5 explores the political background of the prohibition of the slave trade in 1841 and the process of ending slavery in the Regency. It assesses the interaction between the slave trade and European domination after 1816 when Lord Exmouth liberated the western Mediterranean from corsairing activities and abolished Christian slavery in Tunis and Algiers. By the mid-1830s, the traffic in black slaves from Tunis across the Mediterranean rose in tandem with the establishment of European maritime domination in the Mediterranean, prompting Great Britain to pressure Tunis to abolish both the Saharan slave trade and black slavery. Moreover, the political disequilibrium arising from the 1830 French occupation of Algiers also altered the status quo in Tripoli and Tunis and shaped the abolition process in the Regency. On 24 January 1846 slavery was finally abolished in Tunisia.

Keywords:   Abolition of slavery, Suppression of the slave trade, The Anglo-Maltese Anti Slavery Society, The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, Anti-slavery measures, Dallal, Bash 'Agha, Runaway slaves, Franco-Ottoman crisis

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