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Brazil's Black Rome and the Remaking of Bahian Regional Identity

Brazil's Black Rome and the Remaking of Bahian Regional Identity

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction Brazil's Black Rome and the Remaking of Bahian Regional Identity
Source:
African-Brazilian Culture and Regional Identity in Bahia, Brazil
Author(s):
Scott Ickes
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044781.003.0001

This chapter introduces the argument that African-Bahians and their allies were central players in the remaking of Bahian regional identity. This occurred mainly through the major religious festivals in Salvador, the capital of Bahia. The festivals provided opportunities for African-Bahians to perform their cultural practices, such as Candomblé ritual, samba, and capoeira. After 1930, politicians and journalists began to celebrate these practices as essential components of Bahian regional identity. The chapter also situates these arguments within the historical literature and elaborates on the author's argument that the process of cultural inclusion should be understood as a process of the formation of hegemony.

Keywords:   Bahia, African-Bahians, Religious Festivals, Performance, Vargas era, Hegemony, Ritual, Cultural Politics, Regional Identity

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